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How to read and write Images in java using ImageIO Utility

Writing an Image file in Java is very common scenario and in this article we will see a new way to write images into file in Java. javax.imageio.ImageIO is a utility class which provides lots of utility method related to images processing in Java. Most common of them is reading form image file and writing images to file in java. You can write any of .jpg, .png, .bmp or .gif images to file in Java. Just like writing, reading is also seamless with ImageIO and you can read BufferedImage directly from URL.

Inversion of Control and Dependency Injection design pattern with real world Example - Spring tutorial

Inversion of Control and Dependency Injection is a core design pattern of Spring framework. IOC and DI design pattern is also a popular design pattern interview question in Java. As the name suggest Inversion of control pattern Inverts responsibility of managing the life cycle of the object e.g. creating an object, setting their dependency etc from application to a framework, which makes writing Java application even more easy. The programmer often confused between IOC and DI, well both words used interchangeably in Java world but Inversion of Control is a more general concept and Dependency Injection is a concrete design pattern.

2nd highest salary in Oracle using ROW_NUMBER and RANK in Oracle and MSSQL

This is the second article about calculating the 2nd highest salary in SQL. In the first part, you have learned how to find the second highest salary in MySQL, SQL SERVER and by using ANSI SQL, which should also work in all database which confirms ANSI standard e.g. PostgreSQL, SQLLite, etc. In this part, I will show you how to find the 2nd maximum salary in Oracle and SQL SERVER using ROW_NUMBER(), RANK(), and DENSE_RANK() method. These are window function in Oracle, which can be used to assign unique row id, or rank to each row based on any column and then select the right row.

Scala vs Java - Differences and Similarities

Scala is new generation JVM language, which is generating popularity as an alternative of arguably one of the most popular language Java. It's not yet as popular as Java, but slowly getting momentum. As more and more Java developers are learning Scala and inspired by Twitter, more and more companies are using Scala, it's future looks very bright. To start with, Scala has several good feature, which differentiate it from Java, but same time it has lot of similarities as well e.g. both Scala and Java are JVM based language, You can code Scala in Java way and Scala can use any Java library, which in my opinion a great decision made by designers of Scala.

5 Free OCAJP8, OCPJP8 Mock Exams and Practice questions - 1Z0-808 809 (Java 8 Certification)

In order to do well on Java certifications, you need good books and a reasonable number of practice questions before you go for exams. Practice questions and mock exams will help you to assess your topic-wise preparation level and help you to identify your strong and weak areas. Based on the result of the mock exams, you can concentrate on areas where you lack expertise e.g. multi-threading is one of the tricky areas. It will also expose you to exam patterns and different types of questions you can expect in examination e.g. multiple choice questions, rearranging code, fill in the blanks etc. Though I highly recommend commercial exam simulators like Whizlabs and Enthuware, I also suggest you take advantage of many mock questions which are freely available.

How to replace NULL with Empty String in SQL Server? ISNULL() vs COALESCE() Examples

We often need to replace NULL values with empty String or blank in SQL e.g. while concatenating String. In SQL Server, when you concatenate a NULL String with another non-null String the result is NULL, which means you lose the information you already have. To prevent this, you can replace NULL with empty String while concatenating. There are two ways to replace NULL with blank values in SQL Server, function ISNULL(), and COALESCE(). Both functions replace the value you provide when the argument is NULL like ISNULL(column, '') will return empty String if the column value is NULL.

Effective Java, 3rd Edition - Covers JDK 7, 8, and 9 - Must Read Book for Java Programmers

Hello guys, I have an interesting news to share with you today. After a long wait of almost 10 years, the Effective Java 3rd edition is finally coming this year, hopefully, December 2017. The Effective Java 2nd Edition was released in May 2008 and updated for Java SE 6, but it been, good 10 years now and there is a lot of interest from Java developers around the world for Effective Java 3rd edition after Java SE 8 release and I am very happy to inform you guys that, finally, all our wishes are granted and Effective Java 3rd edition is set to arrive this year. It will not only cover Java 9 release but also all the changes from Java 7 and Java 8.

SQL Server JDBC Error: The TCP/IP connection to the host Failed

I had installed SQL SERVER 2014 Express edition and I was trying to connect to SQL SERVER from Java program using JDBC, but I was repeatedly getting the following error:

com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerException: The TCP/IP connection to the host localhost, port 1433 has failed. Error: "connect timed out. Verify the connection properties. Make sure that an instance of SQL Server is running on the host and accepting TCP/IP connections at the port. Make sure that TCP connections to the port are not blocked by a firewall.".Error while closing connection !!null

Right way to Close InputStream and OutputStream in Java

For some unknown reasons many Java programmers are not very comfortable with IO package. I don't know why, but I have found them much more comfortable with java.lang and java.util than java.io. One possible reason of this could be that, writing IO code require a bit of C++ like programming, which involves doing clean-up, releasing resources once done etc. Since Java made coding a lot easier by taking care of memory management, unknowingly it also introduced bad practice of not releasing resource after use e.g. database connections, socket connection, files, directory, printers, scanners or any other scarce resource.

20 Questions You can ask to Interviewer in Programming Job Interviews?

From the first round to HR round, from telephonic to face-to-face, in almost all kind of programming interviews, there will be a time when Interviewer will give you a chance to ask questions. Many programmers are too concern about asking questions, and they politely decline ; Well it's your chance to learn about the Job you are going to do, and you shouldn't let this opportunity goes away. The interviewer, also judges you by your questions; a good, thoughtful, positive question can create the great impression on Interviewer's mind. It also shows that  the interest of a candidate for a Job.

How to read File into String in Java 7, 8 with Example

Many times you want to read contents of a file into String, but, unfortunately, it was not a trivial job in Java, at least not until JDK 1.7. In Java 8, you can read a file into String in just one line of code. Prior to the release of new File IO API, you have to write a lot of boilerplate code e.g. open an input stream, convert that input stream into a Reader, and then wrap that into a BufferedReader and so on. Of course, JDK 1.5's Scanner class did provide some breathing space but it was still not as simple as it should be, like in Python or Ruby. By using Java 7 new File API and Java 8's new features like lambda expression and stream API, Java is now close to Python or other utility languages, when it comes to reading the file into String.

3 Examples of Parsing HTML File in Java using Jsoup

HTML is the core of the web, all the pages you see on the internet are HTML, whether they are dynamically generated by JavaScript, JSP, PHP, ASP or any other web technology. Your browser actually parse HTML and render it for you. But what would you do,  if you need to parse an HTML document and find some elements,  tags, attributes or check if a particular element exists or not from Java program. If you have been in Java programming for some years, I am sure you have done some XML parsing work using parsers like DOM and SAX, but there is also good chance that you have not done any HTML parsing work. Ironically, there are few instances when you need to parse HTML documents from core Java application, which doesn't include Servlet and other Java web technologies.

Maven JAR Artifiact Dependency Search Not Working in Eclipse - Solved

Recently I face a strange issue while using Maven in Eclipse via M2Eclipse plugin. I have created a Maven Java project in Eclipse and subsequently tried to add Spring framework as a dependency, to my surprise, nothing was happening. Eclipse was not able to search dependency in Maven central repository. I was surprised because I have never faced this issue while I was using the M2Eclipse plugin for a long time. After some trial and error, I realized that this is my brand new workspace and I am running with Eclipse Luna, the newest version of Eclipse which I had just downloaded a couple days of the back. My first hunch was that Eclipse might not able to connect to the Internet, and to verify that I tried connecting the Eclipse market place, and boom it was working fine.

Difference between get and load in Hibernate

get vs load in Hibernate
Difference between get and load method in Hibernate is one of the most popular questions asked in Hibernate and spring interviews. Hibernate Session class provides two methods to access object e.g. session.get() and session.load() both looked quite similar to each other but there are subtle differences between load and get method which can affect the performance of the application. The main difference between get() vs load method is that get() involves database hit if an object doesn't exist in Session Cache and returns a fully initialized object which may involve several database calls while load method can return proxy in place and only initialize the object or hit the database if any method other than getId() is called on persistent or entity object.

Strategy Design Pattern and Open Closed Principle in Java - Example

Strategy design pattern is based upon open closed design principle, the 'O' of famous SOLID design principles. It's one of the popular pattern in the field of object-oriented analysis and design along with Decorator, Observer and Factory patterns. Strategy pattern allows you to encapsulate possible changes in a process and encapsulate that in a Strategy class. By doing that your process (mainly a method) depends upon a strategy, higher level of abstraction than implementation. This makes your process open for extension by providing new Strategy implementation, but closed for modification, because the introduction of a new strategy doesn't require a change in a tested method. That's how it confirms open closed design principle.

OCAJP 8 FAQ - Oracle Certified Associate Java Programmer I Certification (1Z0–808) Frequently asked Questions

The Oracle Certifications is one of the most repeated, industry-recognized certifications. It also provides Java certifications like Oracle Certified Associate Java Programmer, also known as OCAJP and Oracle Certified Professional Java Programmer, also known as OCPJP. These two are most popular Java certification and there are many benefits of passing them e.g. better chance to get a Java development job, improved performance on Java interviews, better salary rise, and promotions, and better opportunity for moving abroad.

Is Joshua Bloch's Effective Java Still Valid in the Era of Java 8?

Effective Java is probably one of the most read books on Java technology and has been regarded by many programmers as the best book for Java developers. Though, recently many Java programmers have asked me whether Effective Java is still relevant in the era of Java 8? Or is there any better book on the same topic. The question is logical because It's been more than 9 years since the 2nd edition of Effective Java released in 2008 and also the most recent Java 8 has changed how you code Java. Many idioms and design patterns of good old days now become redundant and can be done easily with the new Java 8 syntax and feature, but does that mean "Effective Java" is not relevant now? Well, No, not at all. Effective Java is still relevant and a must-read for Java programmers due to several reasons, which you will see in this article.

3 Ways to Find Duplicate Elements in an Array - Java

There are multiple ways to find duplicate elements in an array in Java and we will see three of them in this program. The solution and logic shown in this article are generic and apply to an array of any type e.g. String array or integer array or array of any object. One of the most common ways to find duplicates is by using the brute force method, which compares each element of the array to every other element. This solution has the time complexity of O(n^2) and only exists for academic purposes. You shouldn't be using this solution in the real world.

Top 30 Programming questions asked in Interview - Java C C++ Answers

Top 30 Programming interview questions
Programming questions are an integral part of any Java or C++ programmer or software analyst interview. No matter which language you have the expertise it’s expected that you are familiar with the fundamentals of programming and can solve problems without taking the help of API. Programming questions like reversing String using recursion or How to find if Array contains duplicates are some popular examples of programming question in Java. Programming questions present a lot of challenges Especially to Java developers as compared to C++ programmer and I think, One reason for this is powerful Java API; Which has a method for almost every need and you rarely need to write by your own or there are lots of third-party library from Apache, Spring, Google and other open sources.

Top 30 Array Interview Questions and Answers for Programmers

The array is one of the most important topics for programming interviews. It doesn't matter if you are going to Google, Microsoft, Amazon or investment banks like Goldman Sachs, Barclays, Citi or even service-based companies like IBM, Accenture, TCS, or Infosys, if you are going to interview for the developer position, you must prepare array very well. In fact, it is the second most topic after String and if you look closely, may of String coding problems can be solved by treating them like character array. The array is also ubiquitous, no matter which programming language you choose, you will find array there, it's available in C, C++, Java and even on Python, Perl, and Ruby.

What is the cost of Spring Framework Certification and Training in India and USA?

One of the frequently asked questions about Spring certifications and training e.g. Spring Core and Spring Web Application Developer Certification is their cost e.g. what is the cost of Spring certification in India? or how much it cost for Spring framework certification in the USA etc. Earlier, Spring certification used to cost around 3000 USD in the USA and other North American countries and around 50,000 INR in India due to mandatory training you needed to take before you can appear in the exam. The cost of the Spring framework training was more than 90% of the total cost of the Spring certification. But gone are those days. Since 10th May 2017, you can take the exam without mandatory training, see here. Due to this reason, the cost of Spring certification has come down heavily and it's just now the cost of the exam voucher which is just 200 USD globally.

How to differentiate between an Average and a Good Programmer?

When it comes to interview, goal is to find the most suitable developer for job to get done but its very difficult to judge someone's caliber, experience and expertise in short duration of Interview. There is always a process starting from phone interview, written tests to face-to-face interview, but its still difficult to hire the right programmer. Process can help you to filter candidates but eventually it will come down to your experience and gut feeling. As you take more and more interviews, you will know what to ask and what not and like many other interviewers in the world, you will develop some of your own tips. Similarly, I have developed couple of tips from my experience which has helped me to differentiate an average programmer with a good programmer in past.

Can you take Spring Professional Certification without Training Course?

Yes, you can take Spring certification without taking mandatory Spring training. Pivotal, the company behind Spring, has announced on 10th May 2017 that "Spring Certification Exams are now available for individual purchase, without enrolling in the course". This is one of the most exciting changes in the Spring certification program since it's launched 10 years back. The cost of Spring certification was the single, biggest obstacle for many experienced Java and Spring developers to get certified for their Spring framework skills. This step from Pivotal is a really positive step and gives a real chance to many experienced developers in cost-sensitive countries like India to get certified for their skills.

Which Java 8 Certification Should you Take? OCAJP8 (1Z0-808) , OCPJP8 (1Z0-809) , or Upgrade(1Z0-810 and 1Z0-813)

There are a lot of confusion among Java programmers and Oracle Java Certification aspirants related to various Java 8 certifications e.g. what are exam codes, which exams they should go for, whether they are eligible for Java SE 8 upgrade exams, and what should they do if they have just passed Java SE 7 Programmer II certification. I will try to answer each of these questions here, but to get it right let's first clear the confusion about various Java SE 8 exams There are four Java 8 certifications available in Oracle's site:

1) Oracle Certified Associate, Java SE 8 Programmer OCAJP8, exam code 1Z0-808
2) Oracle Certified Professional, Java SE 8 Programmer OCPJP8, exam code 1Z0-809
3) Oracle Certified Professional, Java SE 8 Programmer (upgrade), exam code 1Z0-810
4) Upgrade to Java SE 8 OCP ( Java SE 6 and all prior versions) - exam code 1Z0-813

2 Free Oracle Certified Master Java Enterprise Architect (OCMJEA) 6 Mock Exams - 1Z0-807

The OCMJEA 6 or Oracle Certified Master Java Enterprise Architect Java EE 6 is one of the most respected Java certification. It is also the most toughest Java exam currently available. In order to get this certification, you need to pass not just one but a couple of exams, submit assignments and essays and also have to complete a mandatory training. The Java EE 6 Enterprise Architect Certified Master 1Z0-807 exam is the start of it. Once you pass this exam, you need to complete Java (EE) Enterprise Architect Certified Master Assignment (1Z0-865) and Java (EE) Enterprise Architect Certified Master Essay (1Z0-866) exams. After successfully completing these exams, you need to attend one mandatory training from the list of training programs, only then you will be awarded the Oracle Certified Master certification. Though, it's not necessary to take the training after completing exams, if you like, you can choose a relevant training which can help you to prepare well for OCMJEA 6 certification and take that first before appearing for any exam.