Hello guys, if you are preparing for Coding interviews and solved 100+ data structure problems then you may know that Matrix is one of the under-rated topic for coding interviews but Matrix
coding problems are not that easy to solve and In this article, we'll
see some of the popular Matrix coding problems for coding interviews. I
actually learned a lot by solving Matrix related problems. I still remember
the first Matrix based problem I solve was about
how to multiply two matrices in Java
and I learned a lot about multi-dimensional array and nested loop in Java by
solving that problem. The second problem I solved was about transposing Matrix
and that was also quite challenging for me at that time but helped me to
further solidify my knowledge about loops and array in Java.

Every since then I have always looked for interesting Matrix based coding
problems and today, I am going to share a couple of gems with you. You can
use them to test your programming and coding skills.

If you are preparing for coding interview or looking for coding
problems just want to improve your programming skills then you have come to
the right place. In the past, I have shared coding problems on
array,
linked list,
binary tree,
dynamic programming,
system design,
recursion, and
data structures
in general and in this article I will cover Matrices.

And, if you want to prepare really well, I also suggest you to join dedicated coding interview courses like

**Master the Coding Interview: Big Tech (FAANG) Interviews**by Andrei Negaoie and Yihua Zhang on Udemy. This is a great resource for anyone preparing for coding interviews on those big companies like Microsoft, Google, and Facebook, and you can buy this course for just $10 during Udemy sale, this is like getting it free, one of the reason I love Udemy so much.##
__10 Matrix based Coding Problems and Exercises for Practices [2023]__

Without wasting anymore of your time, here is a list of Matrix based coding
problems for practice. You can use these Matrix coding questions to not only
prepare for programming job interviews but also for improving your coding skills. I have included both beginner, medium and difficult level Matrix
questions in this list. Let me know how many you an solve without getting
any help on Internet.

**1. Vertical Flip Matrix Problem **

This is one of the less challenging Matrix problem to start with. In this question you will be given an m x n 2D image matrix where each integer represents a pixel and you need to write
a method flipVerticalAxis() to flip it in-place along its vertical axis.

Examples

[[1, 0],

[1, 0]]

->

[[0, 1],

[0, 1]]

###
**2. Horizontal Flip Matrix Problem **

This problem is a variant of previous Matrix based coding problem. In this questions you will be given an m x n 2D image matrix where each integer represents a pixel and you need to write
a method flipHorizontalAxis() to flip it in-place along its horizontal axis. If you can solve previous problem about vertical flip then this would be easier, both question follow same pattern.

Examples

[[1, 0],

[0, 1]]

->

[[0, 1],

[1, 0]]

###
**3. Transpose a Given Matrix [Solution]**

This is one of the easiest Matrix based problem you can get in any Coding interview. In this case, you will be given a square 2D image matrix where each integer represents a
pixel. Write a method transposeMatrix() to transform the matrix into its
transpose - in-place.

One thing which is worth remembering that the transpose of a matrix is a matrix which is formed
by turning all the rows of the source matrix into columns and vice-versa. In case you don't remember this concept, you should ask about it form Interviewer, there is nothing wrong on that.

Examples

[[1, 2, 3, 4],

[5, 6, 7, 8],

[9, 0, 1, 2],

[3, 4, 5, 0]]

->

[[1, 5, 9, 3],

[2, 6, 0, 4],

[3, 7, 1, 5],

[4, 8, 2, 0]]

### 4. Rotate a given Matrix in Java

In this Matrix based coding questions you will be given an image represented by an NxN matrix, where each pixel in the image
is 4 bytes, and you need to write a method rotate to rotate the image by 90 degrees in
place.

Examples

[[1, 2, 3, 4],

[5, 6, 7, 8],

[9, 0, 1, 2],

[3, 4, 5, 6]]

->

[[3, 9, 5, 1],

[4, 0, 6, 2],

[5, 1, 7, 3],

[6, 2, 8, 4]]

### 5. Boggle Search Problem

This is again a popular Matrix related coding problem and often asked during coding interviews. You’re given a 2D Boggle Board which contains an m x n matrix of chars -
char[][] board, and a String - word. Write a method - boggleSearch that
searches the Boggle Board for the presence of the input word.

Words on the
board can be constructed with sequentially adjacent letters, where adjacent
letters are horizontal or vertical neighbors (not diagonal). Also, each
letter on the Boggle Board must be used only once.

Examples

Input Board :

[

[A, O, L],

[D, E, L],

[G, H, I]

]

Word: "HELLO"

Output: true

### 6. Zero Matrix Problem

Write a method zeroMatrix with an algorithm such that if an element in a MxN
matrix is 0, its entire row and column are set to 0. Matrix should be
changed in place.

Examples

[[1, 2, 3, 4],

[5, 6, 7, 8],

[9, 0, 1, 2],

[3, 4, 5, 0]]

->

[[1, 0, 3, 0],

[5, 0, 7, 0],

[0, 0, 0, 0],

[0, 0, 0, 0]]

### 7. Count Paths in Given Matrix

You’re given a game board that has m x n squares on it, represented by an m
x n array. Write a method countPaths that takes in m and n and returns the
number of possible paths from the top left corner to the bottom right
corner. Only down and right directions of movement are permitted.

Examples

countPaths(m = 2, n = 2) => 2

as on the following 2x2 Board, the two paths are
A->C->D and A->B->D

A B

C D

### 8. Matrix Max Sum Path Problem

Given an m x n matrix filled with non-negative integers, find the maximum
sum along a path from the top-left of the grid to the bottom-right. Return
this maximum sum. The direction of movement is limited to right and down.

Examples

[[1, 2, 3],

[4, 5, 6], -> 29 (1 + 4 + 7 + 8 + 9)

[7, 8, 9]]

### 9. Largest Square Matrix Problem

Given a two dimensional matrix made up of 0's and 1's, write a method
largestSquare to find the largest square containing all 1’s and return its
area.

The area is simply the sum of all integers enclosed in the square.

Example

Input Matrix :

1101 xxxx 11xx

1101 => 11xx or 11xx

1111 11xx xxxx

Output : 4

### 10. Spiral Matrix Problem

In this problem, you are given an m x n matrix and you need to return all
elements of the matrix in spiral order. This is a medium level Matrix
problem.

Output: [1,2,3,6,9,8,7,4,5]

Here is an example of Spiral order in Matrix:

That's all about

**common matrix based coding problems for programmers and developers.**You can use these questions to not just prepare for coding interviews but also to improve your programming and coding skills. If you are a beginner then Matrix based problems are good to improve your knowledge about loops and multi-dimensional array. They are really good to improve your coding sense as well.Other

Thanks for reading this article so far. If you like these

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Thanks for reading this article so far. If you like these

*Matrix coding and Programming problems and interview questions*then please share them with your friends and colleagues. If you have any questions or feedback then please drop a note.**P. S. -**If you need more practice, including dozens more coding problems and solutions for each pattern, check out

**Grokking Coding Interview Patterns**on Educative. It's an excellent, text-based interactive course to build your Dynamic programming skills. Educative as a platform is also a great resource for coding interviews and you can get all of their course access by just $14.9 per month. I highly recommend this to anyone preparing for programming job interviews.

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