Thursday, October 25, 2012

Java program to calculate area of Triangle - Homework, programming exercise example

Calculate area of Triangle in Java
Write a Java program to calculate Area of Triangle, accept input from User and display output in Console is one of the frequently asked homework question. This is not a tough programming exercise but a good exercise for beginners and anyone who has started working in Java. For calculating area of triangle using formula 1/2(base*height), you need to use arithmetic operator. By doing this kind of exercise you will understand how arithmetic operators works in Java, subtle details which affect calculation like precedence and associativity of operator etc. Fortunately this question is not very popular on Java interview like other exercise we have seen e.g. Java program to print Fibonacci series and Java program to check for palindrome. Nevertheless its a good Java homework.

How to calculate area of Triangle in Java

Java program to calculate area of triangle in Java with ExampleIn this section we will see complete code example of How to calculate area of Triangle in Java. We are going to use classic formula 1/2(base*height), where base and height will be accepted as user input using java.util.Scanner class. Arithmetic operator used in this exercise is multiplication and division i.e * and /.

/**
 *
 * Java program to calculate area of Triangle .
 * Formula for calculating area of Triangle is 1/2(base*height)
 *
 * @author Javin Paul
 */

public class AreaOfTriangle {

 
   
public static void main(String args[]) {
     
        Scanner scanner =
new Scanner(System.in);
     
        System.
out.println("Please enter base width of Triangle ");
       
float base = scanner.nextFloat();
     
        System.
out.println("Please enter height of Triangle ");
       
float height = scanner.nextFloat();
     
       
//calculating area of Triangle in Java
       
float area = area(base, height);
     
        System.
out.println("Area of Triangle calculated by Java program is : " + area);
   
   
}
 
   
public static float area(float base, float height){
       
return (base* height)/2;
   
}
}

Output
Please enter base width of Triangle
20
Please enter height of Triangle
30
Area of Traingle calculated by Java program is :
300.0

That's the whole Java program to calculate area of triangle and Now let me introduce with one of the most common mistake Java programmer make while writing this code. If you look closely to area() method you will find that we have wrapped code into small bracket i.e. (base* height)/2 . We have done that to increase precedence, anything which is inside bracket will be executed first. Just change the code, like you write in notebook e.g. 1/2*base*height and suddenly your calculate area for triangle become zero, as shown below :


public static float area(float base, float height){
   return 1/2*base*height;
}

Please enter base width of Triangle
10
Please enter height of Triangle
40
Area of Traingle calculated by Java program is : 0.0


For a beginner in Java,  this is not an easy bug to find or spot on. In order to find the bug you must know how Java evaluates an arithmetic expression. Here two arithmetic operator * and / are used which are right associative i.e. evaluated from right to left and of same precedence. first expression which is evaluated by Java is 1/2 which is division of two integer and result of this would be an integer i.e. zero and not 0.5, which is making whole area zero. This is happening because  of both operands of division operator(/) is integer, if any of them is float or double then result would be a floating point number. by combining (base*height) in bracket we ensure that it executed first and produce a floating point number which can be divided by two. This kind of simple Java mistakes can only be avoided by learning and writing such kind of program. That's why programs like How to calculate square root in Java should be in list of Java learner.

That's all on How to calculate area of Triangle in Java. We have seen complete code and also analyzed possible but and How arithmetic expression is evaluate in Java especially multiplication and division operator.

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