Friday, June 14, 2019

10 Web Development Frameworks Full-Stack Software Engineer Can Learn in 2019

The Technical world changes as fast the technology changes and so is the technical jobs. Gone are the days where you can land a job by just knowing one technology or programming language, and somehow to survive in the job for many years without learning new things. Many of us get into programming and web development world by knowing just one or two technology like Java, C++, or JavaScript, but that won't cut the ice anymore. There were teams of tens of people doing specialized jobs e.g. front-end development is done by a separate set of developers and back-end is written by other sets of programmers, commonly known as server-side developers.

In today's competitive world, everybody is looking for Full Stack Software Engineers i.e. someone who knows both front-end and back-end technology and can work independently to develop a fully functional web application.

If you look at the job description fo any Full Stack Software Engineer job on Internet-based companies you will find that a full-stack software engineer is expected to know front-end technologies like ES-next, Babel, React, Redux, Bootstrap, LESS etc and back-end skill like Python, Django, Graphene (GraphQL), REST, MySQL, DynamoDB, Redis, Docker etc.

In other word expectation has gone very high, in the old days you can become a front-end developer by just knowing HTML, CSS, and a bit of JavaScript but not anymore and that's why it's important to be familiar with a different set of technologies even if you are not expert of those.

If you are a full-stack Software engineer or someone who aspire to become a full stack Software engineer then you should be familiar with a couple of front-end and back-end web-development framework like React and Node, but that also depends upon your background e.g. whether you are primarily from Python background or Java/JavaScript background.

It's better to learn the framework which is compatible with your primary skill like a Python developer should benefit more from learning Django then learning Angular. Similarly, a JavaScript developer should learn to React and Node JS rather than learning Django and Node JS.

Top 10 Web Development Frameworks (Front-End + Back-end) for Full-Stack Developers

In this article, I am going to share some of the best and most popular web development frameworks which I think a full-stack developer should be familiar with. I have included both front-end and back-end frameworks for your reference. Depending upon your background, you can choose the related set of technologies to enhance your profile.

1. React JS

At this moment React or React JS is the most popular front-end framework for web developers. It has surpassed the leader in the group, Angular and now more and more people are going towards React.

Though there is no final verdict on React vs Angular battle yet, going with the trend, it's increasingly looking that React is going to win this epic war. ReactJS allows you to create front-end using JavaScript and provides a component-based development model.

If you are primarily a JavaScript developer then React JS should be your first choice for front-end development. If you are looking for a recommendation, The React Complete Guide by Max is the best course to start with.

Frameworks Full-Stack Software Engineer Should Learn

If you are looking for some more choices then you should also check out my earlier of top 5 courses to learn to React in 2019, and if you are looking for some free courses to start with, which is also not a bad idea, you can find some free React courses here.

2. Angular

Angular is another popular JavaScript frontend which makes the development of complex front-end easier. It was actually one of the first JavaScript frameworks which tried to standardize front-end development in JavaScript with modules and code structure.

It allows you to write testable code much like what you do in Java or any other mainstream language. If you don't like to React and looking for options then Angular is the next best front-end development framework for JavaScript developers.

Regarding courses to learn Angular, there are many courses, the internet is full of Angular tutorials and courses but I personally found Max's The Complete Angular Guide courses most interesting and valuable and highly recommend to anyone who wants to learn Angular in depth and in quick time.

best courses to become full stack developers

Btw, If you need more choices then you can also check out my earlier list of top 5 Angular 2+ courses for full-stack Web developers.  It contains some of the best courses from Udemy to Pluralsight to learn Angular, including a course form Stephen Grider, another top class Angular instructor.

3. Node JS

This is another popular JavaScript web development framework but a back-end one. 10 years ago who have ever thought that JavaScript should be used to write server-side code but it's now quite normal.

The Node.js has consistently ranked as the most popular framework in StackOverflow's Developer survey and the key to writing a web application, end-to-end in a single programming language i.e. JavaScript.

If you are primarily a JavaScript developer then you should learn Node.JS along with React or Angular to become a full-stack software engineer and if you need a course then The Complete Node JS Developer course is the best one to start with.

JavaScript frameworks to learn in 2019

If you need more choices then you can also check out my earlier list of top 5 Node JS courses for full-stack developers.

4. Django

Now coming into the world of Python, don't worry it's not scary instead it's an awesome world with full of useful framework and libraries for web development. Django is the most popular Python framework for web development.

It's a full-stack framework and includes all the necessary features by default instead of offering them as separate libraries. With Django, you will get authentication, URL routing, template engine, object-relational mapper (ORM), and database schema migrations all in one pack.

If you are a Python programmer and want to become a full-stack Software engineer then should learn Django and there is no better way to start then joining Python and Django Full Stack Web Developer Bootcamp course on Udemy.

web development frameworks to learn in 2019

5. Flask

It's another popular Python framework for web development. Flask is a microframework because it doesn't need any other framework or library. It is inspired by the Sinatra Ruby framework and depends on the Werkzeug WSGI toolkit and Jinja2 template.

The main idea behind Flask is to allow web developers to build a solid web application foundation. From there, you can use any extensions you might need.

Again, if you are a Python developer then Flask is another great tool to add in your armory. To start with, you can check out Python and Flask Bootcamp online course to learn Flask.

python frameworks programmer should learn in 2019

If you are looking for some choices then you should check out my list of top 5 courses to learn Python in 2019 and if you are looking for some free stuff to start with Python then I have also shared a list of free Python courses for you guys.

6. Bootstrap

In the old days, CSS was the main skill for front-end developers but in the modern web development, Bootstrap has replaced CSS.

There is hardly anyone who is using plain old CSS to style their web pages instead most of them are using CSS frameworks like Bootstrap or Foundation.

That's why it's very important for a full-stack software engineer to know Bootstrap and there is no better way to start with than joining Bootstrap 4 From Scratch With 5 Projects. It's one of the best course I have taken to learn Bootstrap.

frameworks full stack engineer should learn in 2019

7. jQuery

This is another awesome JavaScript library which I think every web developer should be familiar with. Even if you are not a full-stack developer or just involved on front-end or back-end side of work, you should learn jQuery.

It's very powerful and provides CSS like selectors to change the behavior of several elements on the fly. In the last few years, jQuery's popularity has come down due to other front-end framework but I still think it's a great tool and a full-stack software engineer should know that.

If you are interested in learning jQuery then The Complete jQuery Course is a great place, to begin with.

things to learn in 2019 for programmers

If you are looking for some more choices and free stuff to learn jQuery then you can also check out my list earlier list of top 5 free jQuery courses for Web developers.

8. Ruby on Rails

If you are not from Python, Java, or Javascript background then you must be from Ruby, another beautiful language for web development. It's difficult to build a modern web application but Ruby on Rails makes it much easier and more fun.

It includes everything you need to build database-backed web applications according to the Model-View-Controller framework. There are many popular websites which programmes use daily like Github which is built using Ruby on Rails framework.

It also has a large and friendly community to help you whenever you get stuck. If you are interested in learning Ruby on Rails then The Complete Ruby and Rails Developer course is good to start with.

learn Ruby and Rails in 2019

If you don't know Ruby and looking for some courses to first start with Ruby and then go for Rails then you can also check out my list of free courses to learn Ruby programming. The list also contains some more advanced Rails courses.

9. Spring Boot

The Spring Boot framework tries to solve the problems associated with using Spring for Java web development in the same way Spring solves the pain associated with Java web development using Java EE or J2EE.

By introducing features like auto-configuration and Starter dependencies, Spring Boot alleviate the pain of Java developers who spend a lot of time configuring Spring and finding a set of compatible libraries to work together.

It seriously improves productivity as you can now create a new Java web project in much less time and with much less work, but at the same time, it's a bit opinionated.

Anyway, if you are Java Developer working on the web development project and aim to become a full stack developer then you should learn Spring Boot and there is no better way then starting with this Spring Boot for Beginners course.

learn Spring boot in 2019

If you need more choices, you can also check out my list of top 5 courses to learn Spring boot online, where I have discussed some advanced courses for experienced developers as well.

10. GraphQL

You might think another JavaScript library, Well yes but you just can't ignore GraphQL anymore. GraphQL is a query language for APIs and also provides a runtime for fulfilling those queries with your existing data.

GraphQL provides a complete and understandable description of the data in your API, gives clients the power to ask for exactly what they need and nothing more, makes it easier to evolve APIs over time, and enables powerful developer tools.

For example, if you need to show a list of posts and the all the users who like the post with their photos and username then you can do that easily using GraphQL.

If you want to learn GraphQL this year, then you can check The Modern GraphQL Bootcamp course on Udemy. I just bought it a couple of days ago in less than $11.

10 Web Development Frameworks Full-Stack Software Engineer Should Learn

That's all about some of the most useful and popular web development framework a full stack software engineer should know. As I have said, today's web development world is very demanding and you just can't survive by knowing HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

It's imperative that you know these new tools and frameworks to become a modern full-stack Software engineer everyone is looking for.

Though, it's not necessary for you to learn all of these web development frameworks. You can choose one from front-end and one from back-end at a minimum, depending on your programming language of choice.

Further Reading
10 Things Java and Web Developer Should Learn in 2019
10 Testing Tools Java Developers Should Know
5 Frameworks Java Developers Should Learn in 2019
5 Courses to Learn Big Data and Apache Spark in Java
10 Books Every Java Programmer Should Read in 2019
10 Tools Java Developers uses in their day-to-day work

Thanks for reading this article so far. If you like this article and find these web development frameworks useful then please share with your friends and colleagues. If you have any questions or feedback then please drop a note.

P. S. - If you just want to join one course to cover both front-end and back-end framework instead of joining a couple of these, I suggest you join The Web Developer BootCamp course by Colt Steele, simply the best course for full stack developers. 

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